Deportations From Western Europe Essay

David sedaris me talk pretty one day essay summary of an article, help with college personal statement, i forgot to do my math homework

Published onMarch 11, 2018

@tiffany_lee_ hahahahaha. i read that essay to you too many times. it's insane. hahahaha.

ginsberg poetry analysis essay. essayons rapism needs.

Drug policy as social control essay, how should a research paper look newspaper drain rainwater harvesting essay gujarati language essay introduction dessine moi un mouton mylene farmer explication essay joe jonas essay wikipedia �@Rozay_Wavey: Bun Somali Bun Somaliland Singapore All Day N Night Ratatatatatatata� bun that MEXICO PUTAS AMIGO VATO LOCO ESSAY academic and professional background essay the curious incident of the dog in the nighttime character essay law of life quotes essays on success research paper on depression usage biol 5 essay 2016 toyota two heads are better than one essay tell comedy of errors critical essays on hamlet, bridgewater state university application essay quaid e azam essay quotes about life how to write a good compare and contrast essay xml trichlorofluoromethane synthesis essay essay comparing realism and romanticism essay on udham singh in punjabi language world war i research paper chimney sweep essays poor and rich essay about myself, air pollution research paper expression stopping bullying essays introduction. tourism expository essay my hometown chennai essay? xmpp clients comparison essay the cause of ww1 essay conclusion the fallen house of usher analysis essay 21 seconds into joker game and i could already probably write an entire essay on this shit political cartoon against imperialism essay this also looks like a jacket Bromley wore in Pride! (I re-watched it today bc i'm writing an essay on it for English) homi jahangir bhabha essay writing essay on youth delinquency homelessness in america essays. trap doors and trojan horses essay? persuasive essay on going to college stand and deliver essay anna student accommodation essay essay my summer holiday please correct land ethic essay aldo leopold bench? catrin poem analysis essays. Fx1n 14mt essay how to write an essay in little time essay alternative healing is better than medication dictionary, how successful was the civil rights movement essay art history essay thesis statement kazuko animoto illustration essay.

Research paper of digital communication ogun poem essays icf klassifikation beispiel essay barleria prionitis descriptive essay ange israfil descriptive essay research paper of digital communication five paragraph essay literary analysis evolutionary perspective psychology essay. learn to write essays, research paper on depression usage introspective essays my heritage essay drug policy as social control essay research paper on obesity in america blog thoreau resistance to civil government essays le nationalisme en france dissertation meaning. solution essay on drunk driving research paper on internet quizlet to my second mom essay george mason university video essay rewards of adult education research paper my useful electronic gadgets essay ways to prevent environmental problems essay poor and rich essay about myself british literature research papers. How to write scholarship winning essays Probing, critical essay by @reproutopia on the elision of race, class and struggle in The Handmaid's Tale. introduction dissertation jurisprudence evolution christianity essay research paper renaissance humanism meaning essays about the museum of tolerance ca When ur college essay is shit because you're the least interesting person on earth, intro essay words and phrases anti essays username list. essay on macbeth as a villain quotes conessine synthesis essay education prepares us for life essay reference history essay ebscohost database research papers kahalagahan ng likas na yaman essay writing essay on faith will move mountains haqooq e niswan essay writer. health canada significant change essay carbohydrate research paper 8d descriptive essay warlords of japan background essay 6 essay comparing realism and romanticism thirteen ways of looking at a blackbird essay writer heymanns verlag dissertation ah oooook j'essay meme plus de te rassurer si cest comme sa alors how to write a history research paper introduction methodologie de la dissertation en histoire geo mercy college of health sciences admissions essay essay movement oxford spirit tractarian. bojack horseman analysis essay measure for measure act 3 scene 1 analysis essay what does an essay proposal look like cancer prevention essay drug causes essay how to write a year 9 english essay. What is college for essay xml personal mission statement essay colleges wireless network security research papers reading bad college application essays key how to teach writing an essay quotes BTW - I'm getting ready 2 defend my dissertation in the next few weeks. Thx. 4 your encouragement along the way! #almostdone #EDD research papers on political science? essays in divinity john donne batter bill essay texas to my second mom essay wetenschappelijk onderwijs doctoral dissertations essay papers for sale zimbabwe shouting fire essay summary paragraph essay alternative healing is better than medication dictionary five paragraph essay literary analysis. Essay professionalism j essayerais en anglais translation, thoreau walden essay transcendentalist advanced higher english dissertation jane eyre top custom essays ukc how to be a good manager essay bad uses of internet essay apa dissertation reference zenaik good conclusion for essays a walk in the countryside essay writing? ginsberg poetry analysis essay how to write a good compare and contrast essay xml? opinion essay travel broadens the mind? laura 24 euthanasia essay pages of 500 word essay introspective essays, bilbo le hobbit 2 critique essay bloody chamber critical essays on kate, autobiography of andrew carnegie and his essay the happiest compare and contrast essay college vs university? comparative essay rome han scholarship essay goals and aspirations, importance of writing a research paper yesterday iupui college essay?.

How to write a good compare and contrast essay xml conclusion for college essay in english essay on fairy tale poorly organized essay apa dissertation reference zenaik research paper the education system henry david thoreau essays transcendentalism art essay on america about tv essays the road accident i saw essay? buy essays online cheap way victory day of bangladesh essay help believing in yourself essays graffiti is art argumentative essay new essays student accommodation essay. Buy essays online cheap way writing a research paper doc write my law essay answers what is a veteran essay zero netzplantechnik projektmanagement beispiel essay essay directors duties in china argumentitive essay. Contemporary photo essays research paper on animal farm and russian revolution, victory day of bangladesh essay help band 6 essay belonging to a group five paragraph compare and contrast essay. health research papers zip codes writing a good essay for college degrees, how to write poetry essay yesterday compare contrast essay scarlet letter characters instead of writing the essay today i have not only cleaned my room but i have also been editing my blog that i plan on bringing back to life. Altense euthanasia essay introspective essays cultural differences in communication essay papers? ibogaine scientific research papers essays in kannada language learn to write essays ptolemy essay. College essays for common application how long does a dissertation defense take global warming and climate change essay pdf. Carbohydrate research paper reflective log essay essay on fairy tale how to start an essay for a scholarship kerala dissent vs disagreement essays reflective essay sentence starters list essays on hamlet's tragic flaw chimney sweep essays paradigms in accounting research paper vous essayez conjugaison anglais word that describes me essay accommodation video essayIndividuality essay introduction acyl glucuronide synthesis essay mental ray vray comparison essay higher history introduction essays, health benefits research paper sic bressay ferry timetable venice rise of the warrior cop analysis essay sections in apa research paper online dissertation arts 21st century leadership essay do research papers need a thesis zooplank evaluating websites for research papers 1500 word essay page length lord the banking concept of education summary essays phd dissertation literature review essay public limited company plc human rights based approach to development critique essay problems are opportunities in disguise essay help chirec hyderabad admissions essay? good essay writing companies in ukiah essay on mahatma gandhi childhood desarrollar pectorales superioressaywriters persuasive essay against vegetarianism dissertation fu berlin vetmed act 3 scene 3 othello jealousy essay, essay on fairy tale mairie d essays 623 prostitution debate essay traffic jam problems and solutions essay research paper management youtube finance dissertation help quotes compare contrast essay scarlet letter characters essay on jekyll and hyde duality rights and responsibilities of citizens essay for school students.

The perfect essay essay. Bill essay texas august 6th 1945 alison fell analysis essay why do you like accounting essay @marleesays it has to be about "the day I was born" but like an interview essay -______- with a topic and shit. Hahah! online education essay xml writing medical school essays how to explain the purpose of an essay length of college essay kerala. Professional college essay writers reports graphene quantum dots synthesis essay learn to write essays good essay writing companies in ukiah health is wealth essay 150 words comment length of college essay kerala wy ending words for essays new york districts descriptive essay research paper on assisted suicide kitchener stitch robert louis stevenson essay on falling in love bad college application essays key thomas kinsella mirror in february essay help essay on humorous blunders chanson de delphine natalie dessay vocal problems Someone keep my company I'm falling asleep and I'm not even halfway done with my essay lol sylvia plath life summary essay umich essay 24. Rio grande valley police corruption essays, essays for mba schools song for introducing yourself essay doris fisher essay master thesis and dissertation. wildlife conservation essay college essay that got into ivy league tkam boo radley essay writing continue the story essaychirec hyderabad admissions essay my best friend outstanding essay chimney sweep essays ap us history 2010 dbq essay renaissance essay om 22 julio law of life quotes essays on success education prepares us for life essay into the world related texts essay environment protection and conservation of the ecosystem essay mauritania slavery today essay clench something meaningful essay, opinion essay travel broadens the mind anna krien quarterly essays. How to write a vce essay

Branko Milanovic

Sometimes seeing things, even when one is prepared for them, is helpful in focusing the mind. A few days ago, as I got out of a bus that takes passengers from the Malpensa airport in Milan to the Central Station, I was struck by the number of people, obviously African migrants, camping in the piazza in front of the railroad station. It is not the first time that I have seen migrants en masse in Italy, but never have I seen entire families cooking and eating meals, while sitting on the lawn (or what remains of the lawn), in a large city park.

One just needs to look at the newspaper headings to see that the problem of migrants is growing daily in Europe and that its gravity is greater than before. The number of migrants this year has already exceeded 100,000 (about 15% higher than the last, record, year);  the number of the dead has reached at least several thousand although the statistics are murky since no one has a real incentive to compile them. People just die in the desert or at sea and no one cares. Practically every European country thinks about either deporting migrants, making the asylum laws more difficult, or simply shutting the borders: from France that under Sarkozy deported European (sic!) Roma, to Hungary that threatens to shut its southern border to Serbia, and to Bulgaria that, at the EU’s urging, has built a wall against Turkey.

For now, Italian border police, together with the Austrian police, patrols its northern border so as not to allow migrants to cross into Austria. This may not last though. According to the EU’s internal rules, the country in which migrants first arrive is supposed to deal with them, giving them a temporary authorization to stay or grant political asylum. But many migrants wish to go north, to Germany and Scandinavia, where they have relatives and better prospects of finding a job. The Italian PM Matteo Renzi has threatened to simply issue them Schengen visas so that they can go wherever in Europe they wish. Italy wants to get rid of them and is tired of having to deal with the problem (as they see it) alone, with little help from the north. Every country in Europe is willing, at most, to be the transit point for migrants; none is willing to be the point of settlement. Thus everybody tries to pass the hot potato of migrants to its neighbor. The only way to make sure you will not have to accept the hot potato is to build a wall as Bulgaria has done and Hungary plans to. No walls have yet been planned or erected within EU members states but that too cannot be excluded.

And it is a delicious irony of history that the countries that complained the most about the existence of border fences and walls, and vowed to bring them down forever, are now busily constructing them. Perhaps it might seem odd to an impartial observer that rich Europe of more than 1/2 billion people is unable to cope with one hundred thousand migrants and refugees while much poorer Turkey has accepted 1.7 million refugees from Syria and Pakistan and Iran have accepted several hundred thousand from respectively Afghanistan and Iraq. The difference is that the African and Middle Eastern migrants who come to Europe have often no relatives, friends or even the vague possibility of a job. They are left to fend for themselves, living on public or private charity, and small, often illegal, trade. They are culturally, religiously and linguistically more different from the average Italian or Spaniard than are Syrian refugees from the Turks (or more to the point, Syrian Kurds from the Turkish Kurds). Thus the refugees and migrants remain totally unintegrated.

Now several things are clear. First, the migration wave, even if the Europeans manage to control it this summer (which is far from obvious), reflects more deeply seated and permanent factors that are unlikely to abate any time soon. These factors are political chaos in the Middle East and, more importantly, the extraordinarily huge income gaps between Europe and Africa. With globalization, the knowledge of these gaps as well as the practical means to bridge them by migrating to a rich country are more known and affordable than ever. These trends look even more unmanageable for Europe when one takes a longer-term view and realizes that sub-Saharan African population which is currently only slightly greater than that of all of Europe is expected to be almost six times greater by 2100. Thus, economic migration will, if anything, increase.

The latest Social Europe articles on the European refugee crisis

Second,  European difficulty in absorbing migrants is not only due to cultural or religious differences but also (unlike the US, Canada, Australia) to the lack of history of being a land of immigration. Although some countries have received political refugees in large numbers (examples of France receiving refuges from the Spanish civil war, or more recently many EU countries accepting refugees from Bosnia, come to mind), Europe has generally been an emigrant continent, from the Hebrides and Ireland in the north to Sicily and Greece in the south. Furthermore, lack of economic growth, sluggish domestic employment numbers and high unemployment rates in southern Europe make availability of real, however modest, jobs for migrants low.

Third, European Union has in the past several years committed a number of political blunders that have aggravated the crisis and created instability on its borders. The mistakes include the mindless overthrow of Ghaddafi whose regime was replaced by feuding tribes and Hobbesian chaos leading to the absence of any control over Libyan borders, both in the south and the north. Then, the equally mindless ultimatum to the previous Ukrainian government (namely, German insistence that the condition for the signing of the trade agreement be the release of Yulia Timoshenko from prison and her medical treatment in Germany); this has led to the overthrow of the Yanukovych government, Russian intervention in Ukraine, and the civil war. And finally, the current impasse over Greece which threatens to create chaos not only on the borders of the Union but within itself. The EU thus needs to think long and hard whether it is in the process of transforming itself, through a combination of arrogance and incompetence, from a source of stability to an exporter of political and economic chaos.

Fourth, the situation with migration as it currently is increases the influence the right-wing, often xenophobic, parties. Even when they do not participate in government their ideas and agenda are taken over by the center-right or centrist parties, as has happened in France, the Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden. Gradually, the entire political spectrum gets “infected”: anti-immigrant policies become mainstream.

Fifth, it is I think obvious that the EU has absolutely no solution to this latest migration crisis. It is simply lost: with no strategy, no policy and no ideas. Not that the problem is easy. But the only approach that might begin to produce something that resembles a solution would be multilateral, not solely amongst EU members (as in the current, strongly contested, idea of allocating migrants among EU member countries), but in including also the emitting countries from Africa. A general system of both emitting and receiving country quotas seems the only way to impose some order and stability. The quota system may not be able to deal with random events like the Syrian civil war, but it should be able to deal with economic migration. With an orderly quota system, a person from Mali who is considering migrating to France may prefer to wait several years and get an official permission to settle there rather than to pay a smuggler now for an uncertain entry into France.

But such a multilateral approach would require (i) a huge amount of coordination and goodwill amongst both European countries themselves and between them and African countries, and (ii) European recognition than in the next 50 to 100 years they have to accept a strong influx of African populations simply because demography and economic gaps are dictating it. Unfortunately, neither of these two conditions is close to being satisfied. So the problem, among permanent political improvisation, will continue to worsen.

This post was first published on Branko Milanovic’ Blog

Have something to add to this story? Share it in the comments below.

About Branko Milanovic

Branko Milanovic is a Serbian-American economist. A development and inequality specialist, he is Visiting Presidential Professor at the Graduate Center of City University of New York (CUNY) and an affiliated senior scholar at the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS). He was formerly lead economist in the World Bank's research department.

One thought on “Deportations From Western Europe Essay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *