Opinion Article Outline Assignment

Our state standards spell it out pretty clearly. My third graders need to be able to write opinion pieces on topics or texts that state an opinion within a framework of an organizational structure that provides reasons that support the opinion and provides a concluding statement. Oh, and they better use transitional words and phrases throughout. These would be the same 8-year-olds who still can't figure out it's not a good idea to put your boots on before your snow pants.  

With all this in mind, meeting those standards seemed like a huge mountain to climb when I was planning out my persuasive writing unit a few weeks ago. I have students who still haven't mastered capitalization and punctuation, so I knew I would have to break down the mechanics of writing an opinion statement into a step-by-step process for them. This week I am happy to share with you a few tips along with the graphic organizers I created to help get my students writing opinion pieces that showed me that my students, while not quite there yet, were fully capable of making it to the top of that mountain.

Introduce the Language of Opinion Writing

The very first thing we did during a writing mini-lesson was go over the language of opinion writing and how certain words, like fun and pretty are opinion clues because while they may be true for some people, they are not true for everyone. We also discuss how other words, called transitions, are signals to your reader as to where you are in your writing: the beginning, middle or end.

After the initial vocabulary is introduced, I challenged my third graders to look for examples of these types of words in their everyday reading. Over the next couple of days, students used sticky notes to add opinion or transition words they found to an anchor chart posted on a classroom wall. Next, I took the words and put them into a chart that I copied for students to glue into their writer's notebooks. You can see our chart below. If you would like to print your own copy, just click on the image.

 

Introduce Easy-to-Read Opinion Pieces

Most of my third graders have read a wide variety of genres by this point in third grade, but when asked if they had ever read the "opinion genre," they answered with a resounding, "No!"  I pointed out to them that they actually read opinion articles nearly every week in our Scholastic News magazine. At that point, I let them dive into the archives of old articles online and they were quickly able to find opinion pieces in several of the issues we had read this year. Students also used the debate section of the online issues. 

On the board we listed some of the articles students found in Scholastic News that contained opinions:

Many Scholastic news articles are perfect to use because they are short, and for the most part have a structure that is similar to how I want my students to write. The articles often include:

  • Both sides of the argument
  • Clearly stated opinions
  • Reasons for holding that opinion
  • Examples to support the reasons
  • Conclusions that are restated with enthusiasm

In the image below, you can see below how easy it was for my students to find the opinions, supporting reasons and examples in the "Debate It" feature we read together on whether the U.S. Mint should stop making pennies.

 

Model, Model, Model!

Once students read the article about pennies, they were ready to form an opinion. After discussing the pros and cons with partners, the class took sides. With students divided into two groups, they took part in a spirited Visible Thinking debate called Tug of War. After hearing many of their classmates voice their reasoning for keeping or retiring the penny, the students were ready to get started putting their thoughts on paper. 

At this time, I introduced our OREO graphic writing organizer. Using the name of a popular cookie is a mnemonic device that helps my students remember the structural order their paragraphs need to take: Opinion, Reason, Example, Opinion. In our class, we say our writing is double-stuffed, because two reasons and two examples are expected instead of one. 

Because this was our first foray into example writing, we worked through the organizer together.

My students did pretty well with the initial organizer and we used it again to plan out opinion pieces on whether sledding should be banned in city parks.

Once students had planned out two different opinions, they selected one to turn into a full paragraph in their writer's notebooks. The organizers made putting their thoughts into a clear paragraph with supporting reasons and examples very easy for most students. 

 

With each practice we did, my students got stronger and I introduced different organizers to help them and to keep interest high. Giving each student one sandwich cookie to munch on while they worked on these organizers helped keep them excited about the whole process. 

After we worked our way through several of the Scholastic News opinion pieces, my third graders also thought of issues pertinent to their own lives and school experiences they wanted to write about, including:

  • Should birthday treats and bagel sales be banned at school?
  • Should all peanut products be banned?
  • Should we be allowed to download our own apps on the iPads the school gave us?

As we continued to practice, different organizers were introduced. Those are shown below. Simply click on each image to download and print your own copy. 

The organizer below is my favorite to use once the students are more familiar with the structure of opinion paragraphs. It establishes the structure, but also helps students remember to use opinion-based sentence starters along with transition words. 

 

Below is a simple organizer some of my students can also choose to use.

 

Other Resources I Have Used

Scholastic offers many different resources for helping your students become better with their opinion writing, or for younger writers, understanding the difference between fact and opinion. A great one to have in your classroom is: 12 Write-On/Wipe-Off Graphic Organizers That Build Early Writing Skills.

 

Click on the images below to download and print. There are many more sheets like these in Scholastic Teachables.

 
A couple weeks into our persuasive writing unit and I have already seen a lot of progress from our very first efforts. We may not have mastered this writing yet, but we are definitely on our way and that mountain doesn't seem quite so high anymore. I hope you find a few of these tips and my graphic organizers helpful! I'd love to hear your tips for elementary writing in the comment section below.

 

 

I'd love to connect with you on Twitter and Pinterest!

 

 

Teacher Store Resources

I love using the graphic organizers in my Grade 3 Writing Lessons to Meet the Common Core. Other teachers in my building use the resources for their grade level as well. They make them for grades 1-6. 

 

 

An Article Review is a critical, constructive evaluation of literature in a particular field through summary, classification, analysis, and comparison. If it is a scientific review article, it uses database searches to portray the research.

An article review gives scholars or students the opportunity to analyze and evaluate the work of other experts in a given field. Outside of the education system, experts often review the work of their peers for clarity, originality, and contribution to the discipline of study. When answering the question of what is an article review, you must understand the depth of analysis and evaluation that your instructor is seeking.


Table Of Contents


What Is An Article Review

It is, therefore, professional custom writing, which demands high standards of writing and in-depth presentation of arguments. Your main goal is to review the topic, summarize everything and present a clear understanding of the topic you’ve been working on.

Writing involves:

  • Summarization, classification, analysis, critiques, and comparison.

  • The analysis, evaluation, and comparison require use theories, ideas, and research, relevant to the subject area of the article.

  • It is also worth nothing if review does not introduce new information, but rather presents a response to another writer’s work.

  • Check out other samples to gain a better understanding of how to review the article.

Some Types Of Review

Journal

Much like all other reviews, a journal article review evaluates strengths and weaknesses of an article. A qualified paper writer must provide the reader with an analysis and interpretation that demonstrates the article’s value.

Research

A research article review differs from a journal article review by the way that it evaluates the research method used and holds that information in retrospect to analysis and critique.

Science

Scientific article review involves anything in the realm of science. Often, scientific articles include more information on the background that you can use to analyze the article in a more comprehensive way.

Formatting An Article Review

An Article review format can be very broad. The format of your paper should always adhere to the citation style assigned to you by your professor. If you’re not sure, seek clarification on the preferred format and ask him to clarify several other pointers to adequately complete the formatting of an article review.

How many articles should you review?

  • In what format should you cite your articles (MLA, APA, ASA, Chicago, etc.)?
  • What length should your review be?
  • Should you include summary, critique, or a personal opinion in your article?
  • Do you need to call attention to a theme or central idea within the articles?
  • Does your instructor require background information?

When you know the answers to these questions, you may embark on writing your literature review. Below are examples of MLA and APA formats, as those are the two most common citation styles.

Using the APA Format

Articles appear most commonly in academic journals, newspapers, and electronic websites. An article review: APA format will have a certain format in the works cited page.

  • Web Article: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from {link}

  • Journal Article: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Publication Year). Article title.Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.

  • Newspaper Article: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, pp. xx-xx.

Using MLA Format

  • Web Article: Last, First Middle Initial. “Article Title.”Website Title. Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

  • Newspaper Article: Last, First M. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [City] Date, Month, Year Published: Page(s). Print.

  • Journal Article: Last, First M. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume.Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

The Pre-Writing Process

Organization in an assignment like this is of utmost importance. Before embarking on your writing process, you could outline your assignment or use an article review template to organize your thoughts in a more coherent way.

  • Start with an introduction that mentions the article and a thesis for the review
  • Follows with a summary of the main points of the article
  • Highlights the positive points and facts presented in the article
  • Critique of the article through identification of gaps, contradictions, disparities in the text, and unanswered questions

Outline And Template

As you progress with reading your article, organize your thoughts into coherent sections in an outline. As you read, jot down important facts, contributions, or contradictions. Identify shortcomings and strengths of your article. Begin to map your outline accordingly.

If your professor does not want a summary section or a personal critique section, then you must alleviate those parts from your writing. Much like other assignments, an article review must contain an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Thus you might consider dividing your outline according to these sections as well as subheadings within the body. If you find yourself troubled with the prewriting and the brainstorming process for this assignment, seek out a sample article review outline.

  • Your article must contain these constituent parts:

  • Pre-title page: here, you will want to list the type of the article that you are reviewing, the title of the article, all the authors who contributed to the article, author’s affiliations (position, department, institute, city, state, country, email ID)

  • Optional corresponding author details: name, address, phone number, email and fax number.

  • Running head: *Only in the APA format. It is the title of your paper shortened to less than 40 characters.

  • Summary page: Optional, depending on the demands of your instructor. The summary should be maximum 800 words long. Use simple and non-technical language. Do not repeat text verbatim or give references in this section. Give 1) relevant background 2) explain why the work was done 3) summarize results and explain the method.

  • Title page: whole title, 250 word abstract followed by “Keywords:” and 4-6 keywords.

  • Introduction

  • Body: Include headings and subheadings

  • Works Cited/References

  • Optional Suggested reading page

  • Tables and Figure legends (if instructed by the professor.)

The Post-Writing Process

Summarize the Article

Make a summary of the article by revisiting what the author has written about. Note relevant facts and findings of the article. Include the author's conclusions in this section.

Critique the Article

Present the strengths and weaknesses that you have found in the article. In addition, highlight the knowledge that the author has contributed in the field. Also, write about the gaps and contradictions in the article. Take a standpoint of either supporting or not with the author's assertions but support your arguments with facts and relevant theories that are pertinent to the area of knowledge. Rubrics and templates can also be used to evaluate and grade the person reviewing the article.

Crafting a Conclusion

In this section, revisit the key points of your piece, your findings of the article, and your critique. Also write about the accuracy, validity, and relevance of the results of the article review. Give the way forward for future research in the field of study. Before submitting your article, keep these pointers in mind:

  • As you read your articles, highlight the key points. This will help you pinpoint the article's main argument and the evidence that they use to support that argument.

  • While you write your review, use evidence from your sources to make a point. This is best done using direct quotations.

  • Select quotes and supporting evidence adequately and use direct quotations sparingly. Take a lot of time to analyze your articles.

  • Every time you reference an article or use a direct quotation use a parenthetical citation to avoid accidentally plagiarizing your article.

  • Re-read your piece a day after you finished writing it. This will help you spot grammar mistakes and see any flaws in organization.

  • Use spell-check or get a second opinion on your paper.

Example Of An Article Review

The best way to learn how to write this kind of paper is to look for an article review example online that matches your grade level. Here is a college-level article review sample.

Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Team

Tutor Charles, from EssayPro

Article review is a subcategory of a literature review. The purpose of an article review is to help you understand your assigned reading material or synthesize and critique a broad range of articles on an individual subject. My advice for writing an article review is to put the article that you are assigned or that you found in your own words. Include important points and make sure your information is accurate. This step is just for your benefit, so don’t spend a lot of time editing your paraphrased content. Once you’ve summarized your article, you can make an outline out of your summary. Decide which parts you want to put into your review. If certain aspects relate to your argument specifically, then make sure to include them. This process will make your writing process much easier. Another tip that I have for you is to remember that a literature review still needs a thesis statement. Make sure to articulate what your review is about in the first paragraph of your essay.

Get Professional Help

Whether you have a blank slate or a draft in hand, you might want extra help writing or editing your article review. You need not worry. EssayPro is an essay service that not only provides paper writing help, but could also assist you with editing and rewriting papers of any education level. Our writers are strictly professional and will write you an assignment worthy of an A. Getting online help has never been this simple!

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