Correction Symbols for Editing
Following are editing symbols commonly used by writers and editors.
|incorrect abbreviation||sub||faulty subordination|
|ad||adjective/adverb confusion||var||sentence variety|
|agr||subject/verb agreement||vb||error in verb form|
|awkward style||wc||poor word choice|
|ca||pronoun case||wr||write out word|
|comp||faulty comparison||ww||wrong word|
|cs||comma splice||. / ? / !||insert punctuation|
|dm||dangling modifier||,||insert comma|
|fs||fused or run on sentence||:|
|glos||see glossary||"||insert quote marks|
|gr||obvious grammatical error||'||insert apostrophe|
|lev||inappropriate level of usage: too colloquial or too fancy|
|log||faulty logic||... / () /  /||insert punctuation|
|mm||misplaced modifier||//||faulty parallelism|
|pass||awkward use of passive verb|||||separate words|
|p||error in punctuation||/||do not capitalize|
|ref||faulty pronoun reference||x||careless error|
|rep||undesirable repetition||?||illegible or unclear|
|r-o||run-on or fused sentence|
A caret shows where an additional or corrected or substituted letter, word, or phrase is to be inserted in or above the line.
A horizontal line delete mark is made through a phrase, sentence, or paragraph. A vertical line delete mark is made through a single letter or mark of punctuation. The letter or punctuation to be deleted may also be circled with the delete mark.
A stroke through a capital letter means set it in lowercase.
Three lines under a lowercase letter mean to make it a capital.
One line under a word means to set in italics.
A series of strikethroughs means to remove underlining.
A wavy line means to set in boldface.
This mark means to close up space. It's often used with the delete mark.
This mark means begin a new paragraph.
A straight line between letters or characters means to add one space. A space mark (#) means the same thing.
Two short parallel lines mean insert a hyphen.
This mark means to change the order of—or transpose—letters, words, or phrases.
Dots under a word or passage mean leave the word or passage as it was before the correction. The word stet ("let it stand") is often written in the margin.