Melissopalynology Thesis Statements

1. Winfree R (2010) The conservation and restoration of wild bees. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences1195: 169–197 [PubMed]

2. Ollerton J, Winfree R, Tarrant S (2011) How many flowering plants are pollinated by animals? Oikos120: 321–326

3. Waters R (1915) Pollen grains as source-indicators of honey. The Journal of Agriculture11: 213–215

4. Nair PKK (1964) A pollen analytical study of Indian honeys. The Journal of the Indian Botanical Society43(2): 171–191

5. Maurizio A (1975) Microscopy of honey. In: Crane E (ed.) Honey, a comprehensive survey; Crane, Russak & Co., New York. 240–257.

6. Moar NT (1985) Pollen analysis of New Zealand honey. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research28: 39–70

7. Jones GD, Bryant VM (1992) Melissopalynology in the United States: a review and critique. Palynology16: 63–71

8. Ramanujam CGK, Kalpana TP, Fatima K (1992) Melittopalynology and recognition of major nectar and pollen sources for honey bees in some districts of Andhra pradesh. In: Venkatachala BS, Jain KP, Awasthi N (eds)- Proc. Birbal Sahni Birth Centenary Palaeobotanical Conference. Geophytology22: 261–271

9. Sajwani A, Farooq SA, Patzelt A, Eltayeb EA, Bryant VM (2007) Melissopalynological studies from Oman. Palynology31: 63–79

10. Song XY, Yao Y-F, Yang W-D (2012) Pollen analysis of natural honeys from the central region of Shanxi, North China. Plos One7(11): e49545.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049545[PMC free article][PubMed]

11. Jato MV, Iglesias MI, Rodriguez-Gracia VR (1994) A contribution to the environmental relationship of the pollen spectra of honeys from Ourense (NW Spain). Grana33: 260–267

12. Bilisik A, Cakmak I, Blcakci A, Malyer H (2008) Seasonal variation of collected pollen loads of honeybees (Apis mellifera L. anatoliaca). Grana47: 70–77

13. Herrera CM (1995) Floral biology, Microclimate, and Pollination by Ectothermic bees in an early-blooming herb. Ecology76(1): 218–228

14. Jens MO, Bascompte J, Elberling H, Jordano P (2008) Temporal dynamics in a pollination network. Ecology89: 1573–1582http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/07-0451.1[PubMed]

15. Rands SA, Whitney HM (2008) Floral temperature and optimal foraging: Is heat a feasible floral reward for pollinators? Plos One3(4): e2007.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002007[PMC free article][PubMed]

16. Thomas SG, Rehel SM, Varghese A, Davidar P, Potts SG (2009) Social bees and food plant associations in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, India. Tropical Ecology50(1): 79–88

17. Baldock KCR, Memmott J, Ruiz-Guajardo JC, Roze D, Stone GN (2011) Daily temporal structure in African Savanna flower visitation networks and consequences for network sampling. Ecology92(3): 687–698 [PubMed]

18. Selva Singh Richard P, Muthukumar S, Malleshappa H (2011) Relationship between Floral Characters and Floral Visitors of Selected Angiospermic Taxa from Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Southern Western Ghats, India. Indian Forester137(8): 962–975

19. Nascimento DL, Nascimento FS (2012) Extreme effects of season on the foraging activities and colony productivity of a stingless bee (Melipona asilvai Moure, 1971) in Northeast Brazil. 2012: Article ID 267361, 6 pages. doi:10.1155/2012/267361

20. Herrero B, Valencia-Barrera RM, Martin RS, Pando V (2002) Characterization of honeys by melisssopalynology and statistical analysis. Canadian Journal of Plant Science82: 75–82

21. Corbella E, Cozzolino D (2008) Combining multivariate analysis and pollen count to classify honey samples accordingly to different botanical origins. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research68(1): 102–107

22. Aronne G, De micco V (2010) Traditional melissopalynology integrated by multivariate analysis and sampling methods to improve botanical and geographical characterization of honeys. Plant Biosystems144(4): 833–840

23. Bryant VM, Jones GD (2001) The R-values of honey: Pollen coefficients. Palynology25: 11–18

24. Meher-Homji VM (1966) The climate of Pondicherry. The Indian Geographical Journal41(1&2): 9–17

25. Oldroyd BP, Nanork P (2009) Conservation of Asian bees. Apidologie40: 296–312

26. Ponnuchamy R, Pragasam A, Aravajy S, Patel P, Das L, et al. (2013) A floristic study on herbs and climbing plants at Puducherry, South India - an approach to biodiversity conservation and regeneration through eco-restoration. Check List9(3): 555–600

27. Erdtman G (1960) The acetolysis method a revised description. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift54: 561–564

28. Wodehouse RP (1959) Pollen Grains Their structure, identification and significance in science and medicine. Hafner Publishing Co. New York, 574pp.

29. Erdtman G (1969) Pollen morphology and Plant taxonomy. Hafner publishing company, 553pp.

30. Punt W, Hoen PP, Blackmore S, Nilsson S, Le Thomas A (2007) Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology143: 1–81

31. Faegri K, Iversen J, Kaland PE, Krzywinski K (1989) Text Book of Pollen Analysis. 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 328pp.

32. Moore PD, Webb JA, Collinson ME (1991) Pollen analysis. 2nd edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 216pp & 271 plates.

33. Huang T-C. (1972) Pollen Flora of Taiwan. National Taiwan University Botany Department Press, 297pp & 177 plates.

34. Vasanthy G (1976) Pollen of the South Indian Hills. Institut Francais de Pondichery, 74pp & 34 plates.

35. Nayar TS (1990) Pollen flora of Maharashtra State, India. Today & Tomorrow's printers & publishers, New Delhi, 157pp & 67 plates.

36. Tissot C, Chikhi H, Nayar TS (1994) Pollen of wet evergreen forests of the Western Ghats, India. Publications du departement d'écologie, Institut Francais de Pondichéry, 55pp & 78plates.

37. Louveaux J, Maurizio A, Vorwohl G (1978) Methods of melissopalynology. Bee World59: 139–157

38. Grim EC (1987) TILIA and TILIA * Graph. Illinois state Museum, Springfield, IL, USA (http://wwwncdcnoaagov/paleo/tiliahtml).

39. Oksanen FJ, Blanchet G, Kindt R, Legendre P, Minchin PR, et al. . (2011) vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0-2. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan

40. Dray S, Dufour AB (2007) The ade4 package: implementing the duality diagram for ecologists. Journal of Statistical Software22: 1–20

41. Venables WN, Ripley BD (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S. Fourth Edition. Springer, New York.

42. Champion HG, Seth SK (1968) A revised survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India Press, New Delhi, 404pp.

43. Meher-Homji VM (1974) On the origin of the Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest of South India. Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences1: 19–39

44. Parthasarathy N, Selwyn MA, Udayakumar M (2008) Tropical Dry Evergreen forests of Peninsular India: ecology and conservation significance. Tropical Conservation Science1(2): 89–110

45. Bhargava HR, Jyothi JVA, Bhushanam M, Surendra NS (2009) Pollen analysis of Apis honey, Karnataka, India. Apiacta44: 14–19

46. Sharma M (1970) An analysis of pollen loads of Honeybees from Kangra, India. Grana10: 35–42

47. Bawa KS (1990) Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical rain forests. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics21: 399–422

48. Corlett RT (2004) Flower visitors and pollination in the oriental (Indo-Malayan) region. Biological Review79: 497–532 [PubMed]

49. Schemske DW, Mittelbach GH, Cornell HV, Sobel JM, Roy K (2009) Is there a latitudinal gradient in the importance of biotic interactions? Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics40: 245–269

50. Liow LH, Sodhi NS, Elmqvist T (2001) Bee diversity along a disturbance gradient in tropical lowland forests of Southeast Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology38: 180–192

51. Jhansi P, Kalpana TP, Ramanujam CGK (1994) Pollen analysis of some Apis cerana Fabr honeys from Andhra Pradesh, India. Apidologie25: 289–296

52. Bogdanov S, Haldimann M, Luginbuhl W, Gallmann P (2007) Minerals in honey: environmental, geographical and botanical aspects. Journal of Agricultural Research and Bee World46(4): 269–275

53. Montenegro G, Pena RC, Pizarro R (2010) Multivariate analysis of pollen frequency of the native species Escallonia pulverulenta (Saxifragaceae) in Chilean honeys. Rivista Brasilian Botany33(4): 615–630

54. Sivaraj N, Krishnamurthy VK (1989) Flowering phenology in the vegetation of Shervaroys, South India. Vegetatio79: 85–88

55. Rivera G, Borchert R (2001) Induction of flowering in tropical trees by a 30-min reduction in photoperiod: evidence from field observations and herbarium specimens. Tree Physiology21: 201–212 [PubMed]

56. Borchert R, Meyer SA, Felger RS, Porter-Bolland L (2004) Environmental control of flowering periodicity in Costa Rican and Mexican tropical dry forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography13: 409–425

57. Bawa KS, Kang H, Grayum MH (2003) Relationship among time, frequency, and duration of flowering in tropical rain forest trees. American Journal of Botany90(6): 877–887 [PubMed]

58. Todd FE, Vansell GH (1942) Pollen grains in nectar and honey. Journal of Economic Entomology35: 728–731

59. Sajwani A, Farooq SA, Bryant VM (2014). Studies of bee foraging plants and analysis of pollen pellets from hives in Oman. Palynology. doi:10.1080/01916122.2013.871652

  • Ancel V., Bellocchi G., Berben G., Bertheau Y., Brera C., De Giacomo M., Janssen E., Kobilinsky A., Kozjak P., Macarthur R., Miraglia M., Onori R., Pia M., Papazova N., Rutar R., Taverniers I., Šuštar Vozlic J. (2009) GMO sampling strategies in the food and feed chain. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on GM and non-GM supply chains: their coexistence and traceability. Paris, France. 2-5 June 2009. pp. 35-37.Google Scholar

  • Bellocchi G., Ermolli M., Savini C., van den Eede G. (2009) GMO testing methods: analytical approaches, method validation and sampling strategy. In: Cauvain S., Young L. (Eds.) The ICC handbook of cereals, flour, dough & product testing: methods and applications. DEStech Publication. Lancaster, PA, USA. pp. 279-289.Google Scholar

  • Bobis O., Marghitas L. A., Rakosy-Tican E. (2012) Incidence of Pollen from Genetically Modified Plants in Bee Products - A Review. Bulletin UASVM Animal Science and Biotechnologies 6(9): 1-2.Google Scholar

  • Brodmann P. (2008) DNA extraction from different matrices. Molecular Biology Methods for Traceability Purposes. In: TRACE dissemination workshop. BFR.Google Scholar

  • Berlin, Germany. 18-19 December 2008. Available at: http://trace.eu.org/ws/berlin/Day1-05-DNA-extraktion. pdf Broothaerts W., Corbisier P., Matayron G., Mazoua S., Schimmel H., Trapmann S., Vincent S., Emons H. (2008) A single nucleotide polymorphism in the adh1 reference gene affects the quantitation of GM maize. 1st Global Conference on GMO analysis.Google Scholar

  • Como, Italy. 27 June 2008. JRC - European Commission. Available at: http://gmoglobalconference.jrc. ec.europa.eu/2008/Presentations/Broothaerts.pdf Bryant V. M., Jones G. D. (2001) The R-Values of Honey: Pollen Coefficients. Palynology 25: 11-28. DOI: 10.1080/01916122.2001.9989554CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cheng H., Jin W., Wu H., Wang F., You C., Peng Y., Jia S. (2007) Isolation and PCR Detection of Foreign DNA Sequences in Bee Honey Raised on Genetically Modified Bt (cry 1Ac) Cotton. Food and Bioproducts Processing 85(2): 141-145. DOI: 10.1205/ fbp06056Google Scholar

  • Chaouachi M., El Malki R., Berard A., Romaniuk M., Laval V., Brunel D., Bertheau Y. (2008a) Development of a real-time PCR method for the differential detection and quantification of four solanaceae in GMO analysis: potato (Solanum tuberosum), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), eggplant (Solanum melongena), and pepper (Capsicum annuum). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56(6): 1818-28. DOI: 10.1021/jf073313n Chaouachi M., Fortabat M. N., Geldreich A., Yot P., Kerlan C., Kevdani N., Audeon C., Romaniak M., Bertheau Y. (2008b) An accurate real-time PCR test for the detection and quantification of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV): applicable in GMO screening. European Food Research and Technology 227: 789-798. DOI: 10.1007/s00217-007-0787-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chaouachi M., Alaya A., Ali I.B., Hafsa A. B., Nabi N., Bérard A., Romaniuk M., Skhiri F., Saïd K. (2013) Development of real-time PCR method for the detection and the quantification of a new endogenous reference gene in sugar beet “Beta vulgaris L.”: GMO application. Plant Cell Report 32(1): 117-28. DOI: 10.1007/s00299-012-1346-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ciabatti I., Froiio A., Gatto F., Amaddeo D., Marchesi U. (2006) In-house validation and quality control of real-time PCR methods for GMO detection: a practical approach. Developments in Biologicals (Basel) 126: 79-86; discussion 324-5.Google Scholar

  • Council Directive 2001/110/EC of 20 December 2001 relating to honey. Official Journal of the European Communities 10, 12.1.2002: 47-52.Google Scholar

  • Court of Justice of the European Union (2011) Judgemment in Case C-442/09 Karl Heinz Bablok and Others v Freistaat Bayern. Press release No 79/1. Luxemburg. 6 September 2011. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ. do?uri=CELEX:32001L0110:EN:HTML Davison J. (2011) Honey-free Europe. Available at: http://ddata.over-blog.com/xxxyyy/1/39/38/37/ Honey-free-Europe_John_Davison_Nov15-2001. pdf Dobbelaere W., de Graaf D. C., Peeters J. E., Jacobs F. J. (2001) Development of a fast and reliable diagnostic method for American foulbrood disease (Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae) using a 16S rRNA genebased PCR. Apidologie 32: 363-370. DOI: 10.1051/ apido:2001136CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Eichner C. (2011) Honey analysis in Lower Saxony. In: International Workshop on the consequences of the ECJ judgement on GM pollen in honey for GM crops and releases and cultivation in Germany and the EU. Berlin, Germany. 13-14 December 2011. Avaliable at: www.brasilapicola.com.br/files/honeyanalysis- in-lower-saxony.pdf European Coexistence Bureau (2013) Summary of conclusions of the Sixth Plenary meeting of the Technical Working Group for Maize. Ref. Ares (2013)42162 - 14/01/2013. 9 pp.Google Scholar

  • European Commission (2004) Recommendation 2004/787/EC. Commission Recommendation of 4 October 2004 on technical guidance for sampling and detection of genetically modified organisms and material produced from genetically modified organisms as or in products in the context of Regulation (EC) No 1830/2003Text with EEA relevance. Official Journal L 34, 24/11/2004. p. 18.Google Scholar

  • European Commission (2010) Commission Recommendation of 13 July 2010 on guidelines for the development of national co-existence measures to avoid the unintended presence of GMOs in conventional and organic crops (2010/C 200/01). Official Journal C 200, 22/07/2010. p. 1.Google Scholar

  • European Commission (2012a) Food: Commission proposes clearer rules on status of pollen in honey. Available at: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_ IP-12-992_en.htm European Commission (2012b) Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 2001/110/EC relating to honey. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/ LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2012:0530:FIN:EN:PDF Google Scholar

  • European Commission (2013a) Short Term Outlook for EU arable crops, meat and dairy markets. 20 pp. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/ markets-and-prices/short-term-outlook/pdf/summer-2013_en.pdf Google Scholar

  • European Commission (2013b) Daily News of 2013-11-06. MEX/13/1106. Available at: http://europa. eu/rapid/press-release_MEX-13-1106_en.htm European Food Safety Authority Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (2011) Scientific opinion: Statement on the safety of MON 810 maize pollen occurring in or as food. EFSA Journal 2011: 9(11): 24-34.Google Scholar

  • European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2013) Clarifying the Status of Pollen in Honey: Substitute Impact Assessment of EC Directive Amending Council Honey Directive 2001/110/ EC. 66 pp. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa. eu/RegData/etudes/etudes/join/2013/514066/ IPOL-JOIN_ET%282013%29514066_EN.pdf European Union Reference Laboratory for GM Food and Feed (2012) Verification Report on the extraction and analysis of GM pollen DNA in honey. 30 pp. Available at: http://gmo-crl.jrc.ec.europa.eu/doc/ GM_Honey_REPORT_EUR-25524-EN.pdf Fernandez I., Ortiz P. L. (1994) Pollen contamination of honey by bees inside the hive. Grana 33: 282-285. DOI: 10.1080/00173139409429011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Filodda F. (2011) Honey Market in Europe. Honig- Verbande.V. Available at: http://www.apinews.com/ pdf/apimondia2011/economy/honey_market_in_ europe-frank_filodda.pdf German Standard DIN 10742: 2011-06 (2011) DIN 10742. Analysis of honey - Guideline for sampling. German Standard DIN 10760:2002 (2002) Determination of the relative pollen content of honey.Google Scholar

  • Grohmann L., Brünen-Nieweler C., Nemeth A., Waiblinger H. U. (2009) Collaborative trial validation studies of real-time PCR-based GMO screening methods for detection of the bar gene and the ctp2-cp4epsps construct. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57(19): 8913-8920. DOI: 10.1021/jf901598r Hofmann F., Epp R., Kalchschmid A., Kratz W., Kruse L., Kuhn U., Maisch B., Müller E., Ober S., Radtke J., Schlechtriemen U., Schmidt G., Schröder W., von der Ohe W., Vögel R., Wedl N., Wosniok W. (2010) Monitoring of Bt-Maize pollen exposure in the vicinity of the nature reserve Ruhlsdorfer Bruch in northeast Germany 2007 to 2008. Umweltwiss Schadst Forsch 22: 229-251. DOI: 10.1007/s12302-010-0133-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Holst-Jensen A., De Loose M., Van den Eede G. (2006) Coherence between legal requirements and approaches for detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their derived products. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54: 2799-2809. DOI: 10.1021/jf052849a James C. (2012) Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/ GM Crops: 2011. The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) Brief No. 43. ISAAA: Ithaca. NY. 36 pp.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • James C. (2013) Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/ GM Crops: 2012. The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) Brief No. 44. ISAAA: Ithaca. NY. 18 pp.Google Scholar

  • Kluga L., Folloni S.,Van den Bulcke M., Van den Eede G., Querci M. (2012) Applicability of the “Real-Time PCR-Based Ready-to-Use Multi-Target Analytical System for GMO Detection” in processed maize matrices. European Food Research and Technology 234(1): 109-118. DOI: 10.1007/s00217-011-1615-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lanzelotti P. (2011) Implementation of the ECJ judgement in the honey market practice: a technical study. In: International Workshop on the consequences of the ECJ judgement on GM pollen in honey for GM crops and releases and cultivation in Germany and the EU. Berlin, Germany. 13-14 December 2011.Google Scholar

  • Laube I., Hird H., Brodmann P., Ullmann S., Schone- Michling M., Chisholm J., Broll H. (2010) Development of primer and probe sets for the detection of plant species in honey. Food Chemistry 118: 979-986. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.09.063CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Linkiewicz A., Wisniewska I., Sowa S. (2006) Molecular analysis in detection and identification of genetically modified organisms (GMO). Biotechnologia 3(74): 44-52.Google Scholar

  • Lipiński Z., Farjan M., Żółltowska K., Polaczek B. (2008) Effects of dietary transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis maize pollen on hive worker honeybees. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 17(6): 957-961.Google Scholar

  • Louveaux J., Maurizio A., Vorwohl G. (1970) Methods of Melissopalynology. Bee World 51: 125-131.Google Scholar

  • Louveaux J., Maurizio A., Vorwohl G. (1978) Methods of Melissopalynology. Bee World 59(4): 139-157.Google Scholar

  • Mano J., Harad M., Takabatake R., Furui S., Kitta K., Nakamura K., Akiyama H., Teshima R., Noritake H., Hatano S. (2012) Comprehensive GMO detection using real-time PCR array: single-laboratory validation. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 95(2): 508-516. DOI: 10.5740/ jaoacint.11-388CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Maurizio A. (1951) Untersuchungen über den Einfluss der Pollenernährung und Brutpflege und die Lebensdauer und den physiologischen Zustand der Bienen. In: Report of the XIVth International Beekeeping Congress. Leamington Spa, UK. p. 320.Google Scholar

  • Messean A., Angevin F., Gomez-Barbero M., Menrad K., Rodríguez Cerezo E. (2006) New case studies on the coexistence of GM and non-GM crops in European agriculture. Technical Report Series of the Joint Research Center of the European Commission EUR 22102 En. 112 pp.Google Scholar

  • Nowakowski J., Morse R. (1982) The behaviour of honey bees in sweet corn fields in New York state. American Bee Journal 122: 13-16.Google Scholar

  • Olivieri C., Marota I., Rollo F., Luciani S. (2012) Tracking Plant, Fungal, and Bacterial DNA in Honey Specimens. Journal of Forensic Sciences 57(1): 222-227. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01964.x Paoletti C., Donatelli M., Kay S., Van den Eede, G. (2003) Simulating kernel lot sampling: the effect of heterogeneity on the detection of GMO contaminations. Seed Science and Technology 31: 629-638.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Piazza M. G., Persano Oddo L. (2004) Bibliographical review of the main European unifloral honeys. Apidologie 35 (Suppl. 1): 94-111. DOI: 10.1051/ apido:2004046CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Piccini C., D’Alessandro B., Antunez K., Zunino P. (2002) Detection of Paenibacillus larvae subspecies larvae spores in naturally infected bee larvae and artificially contaminated honey by PCR. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 18: 761-765.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pla M., La Paz J. L., Peñas G., García N., Palaudelmàs M., Esteve T., Messeguer J., Melé E. (2006) Assessment of real-time PCR based methods for quantification of pollen-mediated gene flow from GM to conventional maize in a field study. Transgenic Research 15(2): 219-28. DOI: 10.1007/s11248-005-4945-x Prabucki J. (Ed.) (1998) Pszczelnictwo. Wydawnictwo promocyjne „Albatros”. Szczecin. 900 pp. Querci M., Foti N., Bogni A., Kluga L., Broll H., Van den Eede G. (2009) Real-Time PCR-Based Ready-to- Use Multi-Target Analytical System for GMO Detection. Food Analytical Methods 2(4): 325-336. DOI: 10.1007/s12161-009-9093-0CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Regulation No. 834/2007/EC of European Commission of 28 June 2007 on organic production. Official Journal L 189/1, 20.7.2007. p. 1.Google Scholar

  • Regulation No. 889/2008/EC of European Commission of 5 September 2008 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products with regard to organic production, labelling and control. Official Journal L 250, 18.9.2008. p. 1.Google Scholar

  • Regulation No 1829/2003/EC of European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. Office Journal of the European Union L 268/1, 18.10.2003. p. 1.Google Scholar

  • Regulation No 1830/2003/EC of European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. Office Journal of the European Union L 268/1, 18.10.2003. p. 24.Google Scholar

  • Ricciardelli d’Albore G. (1997) Textbook of melissopalynology. Apimondia Publishing House. Bucharest. 308 pp.Google Scholar

  • Roulston T. H., Cane J. H., Buchmann S. L. (2000) What governs protein content of pollen: pollinator preferences, pollen-pistil interactions, or phylogeny? Ecological Monographs 70(4): 617-643. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9615(2000)070[0617:WGPCOP]2 .0.CO;2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sabugosa-Madeira B., Abreu I., Ribeiro H., Cunha M. (2007) Bt Transgenic maize pollen and silent poisoning of the hive. Journal of Apicultural Research 46(1): 57-58. DOI: 10.3896/IBRA.1.46.1.10CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sawyer R. W. (1988) Honey identification. University College Cardiff Press. Cardiff, UK. 115 pp.Google Scholar

  • Schiemann J. (2011) European measures on coexistence and experiences with their implementation. In: International Workshop on the consequences of the ECJ judgement on GM pollen in honey for GM crops and releases and cultivation in Germany and the EU. Berlin, Germany. 13-14 December 2011.Google Scholar

  • Schnell B. I., Fraser M., Willerslev E., Gilbert M. P. T. (2010) Characterisation of insect and plant origins using DNA extracted from small volumes of bee honey. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 2: 107-116. DOI: 10.1007/s11829-010-9089-0CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Scholdberg T. A., Burton D. D., Jenkins G. R. (2008) Identification of Suitable Endogenous Control Genes in Applications for Quantification of Biotechnology- Derived Traits in Maize Using Real-Time qPCR. In: 1st Global Conference on GMO analysis. Como, Italy. 24-27 June 2008. Avaliable at: http://gmoglobalconference. jrc.ec.europa.eu/2008/Posters/T.2.33%20Google Scholar

  • Scholdberg.pdf Scholtens I. M., Kok E. J., Hougs L., Molenaar B., Thissen J. T., van der Voet H. (2010) Increased efficacy for in-house validation of real-time PCR GMO detection methods. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 396(6): 2213-2227. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-009-3315-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stawiarz E., Wróblewska A. (2010) Melissopalynological analysis of multifloral honeys from the Sandomierska Upland area of Poland. Journal of Apicultural Science 54(1): 65-75.Google Scholar

  • Ustawa z dnia 9 listopada 2012 o nasiennictwie. Dz.U. z 2012 poz. 1512.Google Scholar

  • Von der Ohe W., Oddo L. P., Piana M. L., Morlot M., Martin P. (2004) Harmonized methods of melissopalynology. Apidologie 35(Suppl. 1): S18-S25. DOI: 10.1051/apido:2004050CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Waiblinger H.-U., Ohmenhaeuser M., Meissner S., Schillinger M., Pietsch K., Goerlich O., Mankertz J., Lieske K., Broll H. (2012) In-house and interlaboratory validation of a method for the extraction of DNA from pollen in honey. Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit 7(3): 243-254. DOI: 10.1007/s00003-012-0765-0CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wróblewska A. (2002) Rośliny pożytkowe Podlasia w świetle analizy pyłkowej produktów pszczelich Rozprawy Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Lublinie 264: 1-83.Google Scholar

  • Wróblewska A., Warakomska Z., Kamińska M. (2010) The pollen spectrum of bee bread from the Lublin region (Poland). Journal of Apicultural Science 54(2): 81-89.Google Scholar

  • Wysocka A. (2009) Próba oceny oddziaływania pyłku transgenicznej kukurydzy MON 810 na pszczołę miodną (Apis mellifera L.). M.A. thesis. Dąbrowski Z. T. (supervisor) University of Life Sciences. Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture. Warsaw.Google Scholar

  • Žel J., Milavec M., Morisset D., Plan D., Van den Eede G., Gruden K. (2012) How to Reliably Test for GMOs. Springer Briefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition. 95 pp. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-1390-5_1 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • One thought on “Melissopalynology Thesis Statements

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *